Learning Theory Comparison

Below is a comparison of learning theories with a brief description:

Behaviourism
Constructivism
Cognitivism
Andragogy
How? Response to stimuli Steps based on learner experience Learner centred and driven Adult learner centred and social
Key points Environment, reward or not Relevant and experiential content Learner based meaning Motivation and experience
Learning process description Median knowledge or skill Based on existing learner knowledge Organised in learner’s mind Personalised and applied
Outcome description Programmed or reflexive Using various learning tools or activity Joined up storage of learnt content in mind Understanding, knowledge, reflection, practice and social via peers
Learning fit Clear goals Higher level for various tasks Learning to learn and problem solving Project or task activity outcomes

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